Toronto Math Forum
MAT3342018F => MAT334Tests => Term Test 2 => Topic started by: Victor Ivrii on November 24, 2018, 05:19:15 AM

Using Cauchy's integral formula calculate
$$
\int_\Gamma \frac{dz}{z^26z+25},
$$
where $\Gamma$ is a counterclockwise oriented simple contour, not passing through eiter
of $1\pm 3i$ in the following cases
(a) The point $3+4i$ is inside $\Gamma$ and $34i$ is outside it;
(b) The point $34i$ is inside $\Gamma$ and $3+4i$ is outside it;
(c) Both points $3\pm 4i$ are inside $\Gamma$.

Cauchy's integral formula is $$ f(z) = \frac{1}{2𝜋i} \int_{Γ}\frac{f(z)}{za} dz$$
given formula is $$ \int_{Γ}\frac{dz}{z^26z+25} = \int_{Γ}\frac{dz}{(z(3+4i))(z(34i))}$$
For (a), as 3+4i is inside and 34i is outside
Let $$f(z)=\frac{1}{z(34i)}$$
by Cauchy theorem $$ \int_{Γ}\frac{f(z) dz}{(z(3+4i))}=2𝜋i f(3+4i) = \frac{2𝜋i}{8i} = \frac{𝜋}{4}$$
For (b), as 34i is inside and 3+4i is outside
Let $$f(z)=\frac{1}{z(3+4i)}$$
by Cauchy theorem $$ \int_{Γ}\frac{f(z) dz}{(z(34i))}=2𝜋i f(34i) = \frac{2𝜋i}{8i} = \frac{𝜋}{4}$$
For (c), as both points 3±4i are inside, we can use residue theorem
$$\int_{Γ}\frac{dz}{(z(3+4i))(z(34i))}$$
$$=2𝜋i(Res(f, 3+4i) + Res(f, 3+4i))$$
$$=2𝜋i(\frac{1}{8i}+\frac{1}{8i})=0$$

just want to add a little detail on (c), if both points are inside we can use residue theorem so we can get 2πI ( res(f,3+4i)+res(f,34i)).

Yes, I added your comment. Thanks!