Toronto Math Forum
APM3462019 => APM346Misc => Topic started by: Jingxuan Zhang on February 19, 2019, 06:57:24 AM

Consider the perturbed NLS
\begin{equation}\partial_t q=\partial_x^2 q2q^2q+\epsilon R\qquad R=R(q,q^*).\label{1}\end{equation}
It is suggested that we consider also the conjugated equation at the same time
\begin{equation}\partial_t r=\partial_x^2 r+2r^2r\epsilon R^*\qquad r=q^*.\label{2}\end{equation}
It seems to me that whenever $q$ solves \eqref{1}, $r$ solves \eqref{2}.Then how does \eqref{2} help? What puzzles me more is that when we do the 1st order perturbation theory and collect coefficients according to $\epsilon^1$, it is suggested to write a coupled system of PDE involving $q,r$. Why is this better than just considering one equation, say \eqref{1} alone?
Afterwards we also consider the spectrum of that coupled linear operator, but is that why?