Toronto Math Forum
APM3462012 => APM346 Math => Home Assignment 1 => Topic started by: Djirar on September 25, 2012, 12:06:23 PM

my solution to problem 1.

So, what are the answers for (c), (d)? Especially (d). Formulate them explicitly
Scanning is passable but not spectacular

a,b) This is a first order linear PDE with constant coefficient. We begin by writing equation of characteristic lines:
\begin{equation*}
\frac{dy}{3}=dx
\Rightarrow y=3x+C
\end{equation*}
This implies $u(x,y)=\phi(3x+y)$, for some arbitrary $\phi$. Letting $u_{x=0}=e^{y^2}$ we get:
$$\phi(y)=e^{y^2}
$$
Hence solution to IVP is$$
u(x,y)=e^{(3x+y)^2}$$
c) With initial condition $u_{x=0}=y$ we have $\phi(y)=y$, $y>0$. Hence the solution is $$u(x,y)=3x+y$$
Since $3x+y>0$ $\forall x,y>0$, this solution is valid everywhere in the domain of $u(x,y)$.
$$$$
d) In this case, the solution is defined only where $3x+y>0$ i.e. where $y>3x$. To find solution on the whole domain, we need to impose another condition e.g. at $y=0$. Letting $u_{y=0}=x$ we get:
$$\phi(3x)=x, (x<0) \rightarrow \phi(x)=\frac{x}{3}, (x<0)$$ $$\Rightarrow u(x,y)=x+ \frac{y}{3}$$
Above equation is constrained to $x+ \frac{y}{3}<0$.
Final solution would be:
\begin{equation*}
u(x,y)= \left\{
\begin{aligned}
&3x+y,&y>3x\\
&x+ \frac{y}{3}, &y<3x
\end{aligned}
\right.
\end{equation*}