### Author Topic: Section 3.1 error in equation 9  (Read 1138 times)

#### Bruce Wu ##### Section 3.1 error in equation 9
« on: October 07, 2015, 07:01:08 PM »
http://www.math.toronto.edu/courses/apm346h1/20159/PDE-textbook/Chapter3/S3.1.html#mjx-eqn-eq-3.1.9

The $kt$ in the denominator should also be under the square root. Similar error in the line below as a part of remark 2.

#### Andrew Lee Chung

• Jr. Member
•  • Posts: 9
• Karma: 0 ##### Re: Section 3.1 error in equation 9
« Reply #1 on: October 07, 2015, 11:24:01 PM »

(9) Should be:
\begin{equation} u(x,t) = \frac{1}{2\sqrt{\pi kt}}e^{-\frac{x^2}{4kt}}   \end{equation}

Indeed

Error in change of variable
\begin{equation} z = x/ \sqrt{2kt} \end{equation}

(12) Shouldn't upper limit be
\begin{equation}  \frac{x}{ \sqrt{4kt}}\end{equation}

You can change variables in a different way and get different expressions; it looks like with $e^{-z^2}$ rather than $e^{-z^2/2}$ it became more standard; so I change it (but it will take time to deal with all instances in forthcoming sections, so be vigilant)

Error function shouldn't have variables in the limits
\begin{equation}erf(x) =   \sqrt{ \frac{2}{\pi} }   \int_{0}^{x} \ e^{- z^{2}/2 }dz\end{equation}

It can have variable limits or we can get constant limit but then we need integrand depending on $x$

It's actually equivalent to the wikipedia version:
\begin{equation}erf(x) = \frac{2}{ \sqrt{\pi} } \int_{0}^{x} \ e^{- t^{2} }  dt \end{equation}

« Last Edit: October 08, 2015, 08:16:38 AM by Victor Ivrii »