Author Topic: TT2--P1M  (Read 2520 times)

Victor Ivrii

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TT2--P1M
« on: March 21, 2018, 03:03:17 PM »
a. Find general solution of
$$
y''+ 4y=8\cos^{-1}(t)\qquad -\frac{\pi}{2}<t<\frac{\pi}{2}.$$

b. Find solution, such that $y(0)=y'(0)=0$.

Meng Wu

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Re: TT2--P1M
« Reply #1 on: March 21, 2018, 08:14:49 PM »
$\underline{\text{Solution:}}$$\\$
Part(a) $\\$
First consider homogeneous equation: $$y''+4y=0$$
characteristic equation: $$r^2+4=0 \implies \cases{r_1=2i\\r_2=-2i}$$
Thus, the complementary solution $$y_c(t)=c_1\cos 2t+c_2\sin 2t$$
Now consider the nonhomogeneous equation $$y''+y=8\cos^{-1}(t)$$
Since $y_1(t)=\cos 2t$ and $y_2(t)=\sin 2t$, Wronskain $$W=[y_1,y_2](t)=\begin{array}{|c c|}\cos 2t&\sin 2t\\-2\sin 2t&2\cos 2t\end{array}=2\cos^22t+2\sin^22t=2 \neq0$$
Therefore, $y_1(t)$ and $y_2(t)$ form a fundamental set of solutions.$\\$
Use the Method of Variation of Parameters: $\\$
The particular solution $$\begin{align}Y(t)&=-y_1(t)\int_{t_0}^{t}{y_2(s)g(s)\over W[y_1,y_2](s)}ds+y_2(t)\int_{t_0}^{t}{y_1(s)g(s)\over W[y_1,y_2](s)}ds\\&=-\cos(2t)\int_{t_0}^{t}{\sin(2s)\cdot {8\cos^{-1}(s)}\over 2}ds+\sin(2t)\int_{t_0}^{t}{\cos(2s)\cdot {8\cos^{-1}(s)}\over 2}ds\\&=-\cos(2t)\int_{t_0}^{t}{2\sin(s)\cos(s)\cdot {8\over \cos(s)}\over 2}ds+\sin(2t)\int_{t_0}^{t}{(2\cos^2(s)-1)\cdot {8\cos^{-1}(s)}\over 2}ds\\&=-8\cos(2t)\int_{t_0}^{t}\sin(s)ds+4\sin(2t)\int_{t_0}^{t}[2\cos(s)-\sec(s)]\\&=8\cos(2t)\cos(t)+4\sin(2t)[2\sin(t)-\ln(\sec(t)+\tan(t))]\end{align}$$
Therefore, the general solution $$\begin{align}y(t)&=y_c(t)+Y(t)\\&=c_1\cos(2t)+c_2\sin(2t)+8\cos(2t)\cos(t)+4\sin(2t)[2\sin(t)-\ln(\sec(t)+\tan(t))]\end{align}$$
Part(b)$\\$
$$\begin{align}y(0)&=c_1\cos(0)+c_2\sin(0)+8\cos(0)\cos(0)+4\sin(0)[2\sin(0)-\ln(\sec(0)+\tan(0))]\\&=c_1+8=0 \implies c_1=-8\end{align}$$
$$y'(t)=-2c_1\sin(2t)+2c_2\cos(2t)-16\sin(2t)\cos(t)-8\cos(2t)\sin(t)+8\cos(2t)[2\sin(t)-\ln(\sec(t)+\tan(t)]+4\sin(2t)[2\cos(t)-{\sec(t)\tan(t)+\sec^2(t)\over \sec(t)+\tan(t)}]$$
$$y'(0)=2c_2=0 \implies c_2=0$$
Therefore, the general solution to the IVP is $$y(t)=-8\cos(2t)+8\cos(2t)\cos(t)+4\sin(2t)[2\sin(t)-\ln(\sec(t)+\tan(t))]$$