# Toronto Math Forum

## APM346-2022S => APM346--Lectures & Home Assignments => Chapter 1 => Topic started by: Weihan Luo on January 14, 2022, 12:38:03 AM

Title: Classification of PDEs
Post by: Weihan Luo on January 14, 2022, 12:38:03 AM
I am a little bit confused about the classifications of PDES. Namely, I have trouble distinguishing between linear equations versus quasi-linear equations.

In particular, the definition of a linear PDE, from the textbook, is: $au_{x}+bu_{y}+cu-f=0$, where $f= f(x,y)$. However, if we simply move the the $cu$ to the right-hand side, we get: $au_{x}+bu_{y}=f-cu$. Now, define $g(x,y,u) = f(x,y)-cu$, then $au_{x}+bu_{y}=g(x,y,u)$, and the right-hand side now depends on lower-order derivatives, so by definition, it's quasi-linear. Could someone help identify the issue with this argument?
Title: Re: Classification of PDEs
Post by: Victor Ivrii on January 14, 2022, 02:45:57 AM
In particular, the definition of a linear PDE, from the textbook, is: $au_{x}+bu_{y}+cu-f=0$, where $f= f(x,y)$. However, if we simply move the the $cu$ to the right-hand side, we get: $au_{x}+bu_{y}=f-cu$. Now, define $g(x,y,u) = f(x,y)-cu$, then $au_{x}+bu_{y}=g(x,y,u)$, and the right-hand side now depends on lower-order derivatives, so by definition, it's quasi-linear. Could someone help identify the issue with this argument?
First, it will be not just quasilinear, but also  semilinear. Second, it will also be linear since you can move $c(x,y)u$ to the left

Good job, you mastered some $\LaTeX$ basics. :)
Title: Re: Classification of PDEs
Post by: Weihan Luo on January 14, 2022, 11:28:53 AM
Thank you for your response.

Does it mean that all linear PDEs are also quasilinear/or semilinear? If so, on a quiz, I should classify those PDEs as linear right?
Title: Re: Classification of PDEs
Post by: Victor Ivrii on January 14, 2022, 01:47:15 PM
Yes, all linear are also semilinear and all semilinear are also quasilinear. For full mark you need to provide the most precise classification. So, if equation is linear you say "linear", if it is semilinear but not  linear you say "semilinear but not  linear" and so on,... "quasilinear but not  semilinear" and "non-linear and not quasilinear".