Toronto Math Forum
MAT2442019F => MAT244Test & Quizzes => Quiz2 => Topic started by: Ziqian Qiu on October 04, 2019, 08:07:06 PM

want to show $(x+2)sin(y) + x cos (y)y'=0$ is not exact but turns exact after multiplies the given integrating factor $u=xe^x$, then solve it
we let $M = (x+2)sin(y)$ and $N = x cos (y)$
calculate $M_y = (x+2)cos(y)$ and $N_x = cos(y)$
therefore $M_y \neq N_x$ , therefore the equation is not exact.
after multiplies the given integrating factor, the equation becomes $(x+2)xe^xsin(y) + x^2e^x cos (y)y'=0$
this time we let $M = (x+2)xe^xsin(y)$ and $N = x^2e^x cos (y)$
now we calculate $M_y = (x+2)xe^xcos(y)$ and $N_x = x^2e^xcos(y)$ + $2xe^xcos(y)$
then $M_y = N_x$, therefore it becomes exact after times the integrating factor.
want to find $\phi (x,y)$ s.t $\phi_x = M$ and $\phi_y = N$
then $\phi = \int x^2e^x cos (y)dy$
the $\phi = x^2e^x sin (y) + h(x)$
then $\phi_x = x^2e^xsin(y)$ + $2xe^xsin(y) + h'(x) = M = (x+2)xe^xsin(y) + 0$
then $h'(x) = 0$
then $h(x) = c$
therefore $\phi(x,y) = x^2e^x sin (y) + h(x) = c$