MAT244--2018F > MAT244--Lectures & Home Assignments

Real Repeated Eigenvalue

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Monika Dydynski:
Has anyone encountered an example in which a matrix $A$ has two independent eigenvectors with eigenvalue $\lambda$, and the phase portrait would therefore be an unstable or stable proper node?

If so, please share! If it's in the textbook, a page number is fine!

Victor Ivrii:
What do you want? A linear system? It is boooring (and cannot be any other way)
\begin{aligned} &x' = x,\\ &y' =y \end{aligned}
Nonlinear system? Try this
\begin{aligned} &x' = x-.1y(x^2+y^2),\\ &y' = y+.1x(x^2+y^2) \end{aligned}

The variation appear as this eigenvalue is $0$. But then linear system is simply trivial
\begin{aligned} &x' = 0,\\ &y' =0 \end{aligned}
but non-linear could be entertaining
\begin{aligned} &x' = (x-y)(x^2+y^2),\\ &y' =(x+y)(x^2+y^2) \end{aligned}
or
\begin{aligned} &x' = xy,\\ &y' =(x+y)(x^2+y^2) \end{aligned}
however nothing can be derived from linearization.