Toronto Math Forum
MAT2442018F => MAT244Tests => Term Test 1 => Topic started by: Victor Ivrii on October 16, 2018, 05:22:58 AM

Find integrating factor and then a general solution of ODE
\begin{equation*}
\bigl(x^2\cos(y)\sin(y)\bigr) + \bigl(x\cos(y)x^3\sin(y)\bigr) y'=0.
\end{equation*}
Also, find a solution satisfying $y(1)=\pi$.

Here is my solution
since $$M_y=(x^2cos(y)  sin(y))_y = x^2sin(y)  cos(y)$$
and $$N_x = (xcos(y)  x^3 sin(y))_x = cos(y)  3x^2siny \neq M_y$$
Notice $$\frac{M_y  N_x}{N} = \frac{2x^2siny  2cos(y)}{xcos(y)  x^3 sin(y)} =\frac{2}{x} = f(x) $$
Let the integration factor be $u = u(x)$
$$(Mu)_y = uM_y $$
$$(Nu)_x = u'N + uN_x$$
$$(Mu)_y = (Nu)_x \Longrightarrow \frac{u'}{u} = \frac{M_y  N_x}{N} = f(x)$$
so $$ln u = \int\frac{2}{x} = ln(x^2) + C$$
so the integration factor is $u(x) = x^{2}$
Therefore $$F(x, y) = \int(Mu)dx = xcos(y) + \frac{siny}{x} + g(y) + C$$
$$F(x, y) = \int(Nu)dy = xcos(y) + \frac{siny}{x} + C$$
So the general solution is $F(x, y) = 0$ i.e. $$xcos(y) + \frac{siny}{x} + C = 0$$
plug in $y(1) = \pi \Longrightarrow C = 1$
so the solution is $$xcos(y) + \frac{siny}{x} + 1 = 0$$

here is my handwritten answer for question 1, hope it works

Yufang did everything right  typing is not perfect  you need to escape sin, cos etc: \sint t , resulting in $\sin t$ (upright and a proper spacing).
Shuhan what was the reason to post? Especially in colour?