Toronto Math Forum
MAT3342020F => MAT334Lectures & Home Assignments => Chapter 1 => Topic started by: MariaClara Eberlein on September 20, 2020, 07:02:56 PM

Suppose we want to solve for z=a+ib in an equation of the form z^n=w. After we find z in exponential representation, I am unsure of how to convert to z=a+ib form if theta is not one of the "special angles" we know the sin and cos of? Should we write z=rcos(theta)+i(rsin(theta)) without evaulating sin(theta) and cos(theta)?

I think if the angle is unfamiliar, we can leave it as z=r[cos theta + i sin theta], otherwise we need to compute the value of sin and cos. Also, I think it has no difference with z=a+bi, it is just in the polar form.

The worst thing you can do is to use calculator to evaluate the value of, say, $\sin (4\pi/9)$ and $\cos (4\pi/9)$ numerically. But it may be useful to mention that
$\cos (4\pi/9)+i\sin (4\pi/9)$ belongs to the first quadrant and pretty close to $i$. Just draw a little picture.