### Author Topic: How can I decide what type of the local phase portrait is  (Read 1537 times)

#### Li

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##### How can I decide what type of the local phase portrait is
« on: December 05, 2014, 05:22:42 PM »
firstly, if the linear system I solved is center, how can I decide the locally linear system is center or spiral?
secondly, if the linear system I solved is two equal real eigenvalue, how can I decide wether it is node or spiral points?
I did the problem on the text book, in the answer it just said it is center or spiral, undetermined, do we need to write the exact type in final?

#### Victor Ivrii

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##### Re: How can I decide what type of the local phase portrait is
« Reply #1 on: December 05, 2014, 06:26:19 PM »
Generally from linearized system you cannot tell center from a spiral point. So your correct answer should be "it is either center or a spiral point" but you also should indicate  if it is clock-wise or counter-clock-wise oriented.

As I explained if right-hand expressions are smooth and $r_1=r_2\ne 0$ then it will be either a proper node or improper nodeâ€”of the same type as for a linearized system. But it will not be considered as an error to answer "either node or spiral point" with indication if it is stable or unstable