Toronto Math Forum
MAT2442019F => MAT244Test & Quizzes => Quiz2 => Topic started by: Siyan Chen on October 04, 2019, 02:01:10 PM

$$1 + (\frac{x}{y}\sin(y))y’ = 0$$
Let $M=1, N=\frac{x}{y}\sin(y)$
Then, we can get: $M_{y}=0, N_{x}=\frac{1}{y}$
Define $R=\frac{M_{y}N_{x}}{M}=\frac{\frac{1}{y}}{1}=\frac{1}{y}$,
=> The integrating factor should be: $\mu (x,y) = e^{\int R dy} = e^{lny} = y$
Multiple both sides by y, we can define the new $M = y, N = x\sin(y)y$,
Since it’s exact now, there exists a function $\phi (x,y)$, such that: $\phi_{x}(x,y) = M(x,y)\ and\ \phi_{y}(x,y) = N(x,y)$
Integrating with respect to x:
$\phi(x,y) = \int M(x,y) \ dx \\ i.e. \phi(x,y) = \int y\ dx \\ \phi(x,y) = xy + h(y)$
Then, we have: $\phi_{y} = x + h’(y) = N = xy\sin(y)$, i.e. $h’(y)=y\sin(y)$
=> $h(y) = \int y \sin(y) \ dy$
Using integrating by parts, $u = y, \ v = \cos(y),\\du = 1, \ dv = \sin(y) $
=> $h(y) = (y \cos(y) \int(\cos(y))\ dy) = y \cos(y)  \sin(y)$
So, the solution of the given equation is: $\phi(x,y) = xy + y \cos(y)  \sin(y) = C$, where C is the constant