MAT334-2018F > MAT334--Lectures & Home Assignments

About the definition of Argument (in book)

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Ende Jin:
I found that the definition of "arg" and "Arg" in the book is different from that introduced in the lecture (exactly opposite) (on page 7).
I remember in the lecture, the "arg" is the one always lies in $(-\pi, \pi]$
Which one should I use?

Victor Ivrii:

--- Quote ---Which one should I use?
--- End quote ---
This is a good and tricky question because the answer is nuanced:
Solving problems, use definition as in the Textbook, unless the problem under consideration requires modification: for example, if we are restricted to the right half-plane  $\{z\colon \Re z >0\}$ then it is reasonable to consider $\arg z\in (-\pi/2,\pi/2)$, but if we are restricted to the upper half-plane  $\{z\colon \Im z >0\}$ then it is reasonable to consider $\arg z\in (0,\pi)$ and so on.

Ende Jin:
I am still confused. Let me rephrase the question again.
In the textbook, the definition of "arg" and "Arg" are:
$arg(z) = \theta \Leftrightarrow \frac{z}{|z|} = cos\theta + isin\theta$
which means $arg(z) \in \mathbb{R}$
while
$Arg(z) = \theta \Leftrightarrow \frac{z}{|z|} = cos\theta + isin\theta \land \theta \in [-\pi, \pi)$
which means $Arg(z) \in [-\pi, \pi)$

While in the lecture, as you have introduced, it is the opposite and the range changes to $(-\pi, \pi]$ instead of $[-\pi, \pi)$ (unless I remember incorrectly):
Arg is defined to be
$Arg(z) = \theta \Leftrightarrow \frac{z}{|z|} = (cos\theta + isin\theta)$
which means $arg(z) \in \mathbb{R}$
while arg is
$arg(z) = \theta \Leftrightarrow \frac{z}{|z|} = cos\theta + isin\theta \land \theta \in (-\pi, \pi]$

I am confused because if I am using the definition by the book,
when $z \in \{z : Re (z) > 0\}$
then $arg(z) \in (-\frac{\pi}{2} + 2\pi n,\frac{\pi}{2} + 2\pi n), n \in \mathbb{Z}$

Victor Ivrii:

BTW, you need to write \sin t and \cos t and so on to have them displayed properly (upright and with a space after): $\sin t$, $\cos t$ and so on

Ende Jin:
Thus in a test/quiz/exam, I should follow the convention of the textbook, right?